Edinburgh Castle, Mid-Lothian

St. Margaret's Chapel, Edinburgh Castle, Mid-Lothian

This little building is actually the oldest building in Edinburgh. It stands at almost the highest point in Edinburgh Castle.

Legend states that St. Margaret herself worshipped in the Chapel, but recent research tends to indicate it was built by her fourth son, David I in 1124. It is still possible that she worshipped on the site, just probably not in this building.

For many years the English held Edinburgh Castle but in 1314 the Castle was captured by Randolph, Earl of Moray. In accordance with his orders from Robert the Bruce, Moray destroyed all the buildings of Edinburgh Castle – except St. Margaret’s Chapel. Robert the Bruce ordered the Chapel to be repaired on his death bed in 1329 and for many years thereafter it became known as the “Royal Chapel in the Castle”.

With the Reformation use of the Chapel ceased and it was used as a gunpowder store until 1845 when Queen Victoria’s obsession with all things Scottish led her to support restoration of the Chapel. More work was carried out in the 1920s to restore the Chapel to the appearance it had in the 12th Century. The Chapel was rededicated in 1934.

Photo - Andrew J. Müller

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