Vyborg "Old" Cathedral, Russia

The Old Cathedral of Vyborg is the oldest structure in the City, dating to 1293. However, the earliest churches here were built of wood – the last in that line being burned down in 1411 by Novgorodians.

The first stone Cathedral was begun in 1433 and was largely completed by 1445. It is not clear what this medieval structure may have looked like because it was changed repeatedly over the following years as well as suffering in several wars.

The Cathedral began life as a Catholic structure, then it became Lutheran when the Swedes and Finns were in charge before eventually becoming Orthodox in 1720. In 1913 the church was restored once gain by the newly independent Finns who reverted it the Lutheran church once more.

However, in the Winter War of 1940 (broadly speaking part of World War II between Finland and Russia) a bomb was dropped on the Cathedral and only some walls and the tower have survived to today.

Photo - Andrew J. Müller

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