Inverness Castle, Inverness-shire

The only thing which survives of the great medieval fortress of Inverness is the Castle well! The building now standing here and called Inverness Castle was built in 1835 to house the Sheriff Court and Police Department, a function it still performs today.

A Castle was built here by Macbeth, which was destroyed by Malcolm Canmore in 1057. Both David I and William the Lyon built a keep and courtyard Castle here which Edward I of England captured, only to lose it to Robert the Bruce.

James I (of Scotland) invited the Lords of the Isles here in 1427.  He then imprisoned them all until they pledged allegiance.  Inevitably the came back in 1429 and burnt the town of Inverness down.  The Castle held out.  It was besieged again in 1437 and in 1455.

In 1562 the forces of Mary, Queen of Scots captured the Castle and hung the keeper.  During the English Civil War the Castle was besieged twice, in 1644 unsuccessfully and in 1649 when the Royalists captured it.  In 1715 the, by now ruinous, Castle was captured by the Jacobites, but in the same year they were forced out.  It was finally captured and destroyed utterly by the Jacobites after the Battle of Culloden in 1746, one of their final acts of defiance before the butchering of the Duke of Cumberland.

In 1835 the mock Castle was built on its impressive Riverside site and it houses a small exhibition on the history of Inverness, which is open to the public during the summer months.

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