Cologne, Germany

Groß St. Martin, Cologne, Germany

One of oldest churches in Cologne, Great St. Martin began life around 960 AD when it was founded on Roman remains on an island in the Rhine. It later became a Benedictine Monastery before reverting to being a regular Catholic Church.

The current structure dates to 1150-1250 including the solidly chunky crossing tower that is one of Cologne's most distinctive landmarks (aside, of course, from the Cathedral). The Church forms a triconch shape (i.e. cloverleaf) when viewed from above, which it has in common with other Romanesque churches in Cologne.

Like everything in the City a great deal of damage was done during World War II but repairs finally completed in 1985 and in 2009 the Monastic Fraternities of Jerusalem occupied the Church and re-opened it to the public.

Photo - Andrew J. Müller

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