Rome's massive Synagogue stands in what was once the Ghetto of Rome set up in 1556, until that time the Jewish population of Rome had been welcomed and lived anywhere they wished. The Roman Ghetto was unpleasant, the occupants were only allowed out during the day and on Sundays they were taken to Pescheria to listen to Christian sermons - a practice which continued until 1848.
Persecution became attempted extermination in 1943 when the Germans occupied Rome, although the Roman citizens hid as many Jews as they could, many were taken to the Concentration Camps of Eastern Europe. As with many places the population has never fully recovered, but there is still a large population of Jews living in and around the Ghetto area.
The Synagogue was built in 1904 to massive scale and now houses a Museum of Jewish life in Rome.
Photo - Andrew J. Müller
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