Burgh Castle, Suffolk

Burgh Castle is one of the Roman Forts of the Saxon Shore, although it predates this usage.

Known as Gariannonum it encloses an area of five acres, although the northern wall has sank into the marshy land by the River Waveney which it was built to guard.

It was converted into one of the Forts of the Saxon Shore (see also Richborough and Reculver, Kent; Portchester, Hampshire and Pevensey, Sussex) by Carausius, the self-proclaimed "Emperor of Britain" who was murdered by his own chief of finance. Carausius built the Forts partly to defend against the Saxon invaders and partly to protect himself from his fellow Romans who eventually arrived and retook all the Saxon Shore Forts from their vulnerable landward sides.

As with most of the other Saxon Shore Forts the Normans built a Castle inside the walls, but in this case it never progressed further than a motte which has since been levelled.  One wall (pictured above) leans alarmingly due to subsidence.

The Castle is owned by English Heritage and freely accessible in its remote and bleak site.

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